Pathways to Housing, the innovative Housing First technology pioneered by Dr. Sam Tsemberis and which has achieved housing stability and recovery for persons experiencing chronic homelessness, has been named an evidence-based practice by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The Pathways program was highlighted recently in a CBS News story.
The following is the abstract of the online study.
Housing First, a program developed by Pathways to Housing, Inc., is designed to end homelessness and support recovery for individuals who are homeless and have severe psychiatric disabilities and co-occurring substance use disorders. Pathways’ Housing First model is based on the belief that housing is a basic right and on a theoretical foundation that emphasizes consumer choice, psychiatric rehabilitation, and harm reduction. The program addresses homeless individuals’ needs from a consumer perspective, encouraging them to define their own needs and goals, and provides immediate housing (in the form of apartments located in scattered sites) without any prerequisites for psychiatric treatment or sobriety. Treatment and support services are provided through an Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) team consisting of social workers, nurses, psychiatrists, vocational and substance abuse counselors, peer counselors, and other professionals. These services may include psychiatric and substance use treatment, supported employment, illness management, and recovery services. While ACT is the preferred support for persons with severe mental illness, less intensive modalities can be used. Consumers who are recovering or who participate in smaller programs may receive support through an intensive case management approach, obtaining services both directly from their own program and through referrals to other agencies.
Consistent with the principles of consumer choice, Housing First uses the harm reduction approach in its clinical services to address both substance abuse and psychiatric issues. The treatment team recognizes that consumers can be at different stages of recovery and that interventions should be tailored to each consumer’s stage. Consumers’ tenancy is not dependent on their adherence to clinical treatment, although they must meet the obligations of a standard lease. The team works with consumers through housing loss, hospitalization, or incarceration and helps consumers obtain housing after these episodes. While consumers can refuse formal clinical services, the program requires them to meet with a team member at least four to six times per month to ensure their safety and well-being.