Many states have established models of state funded programs to address the affordable housing crisis for people with disabilities or who are homeless or at-risk of homelessness. New Jersey has three state funded housing assistance programs, which the report contains more details about. The programs serve the seriously mentally ill and households at risk of homelessness.
The report is intended to be a resource for states considering the development or modification of existing state funded programs. TAC reviewed 77 state funded programs across the United States and identified several characteristics of programs that can be useful information for states. Some of the challenges associated with developing and administering state funded programs are highlighted as well. Profiles of state programs are also included.
TAC found that:
Most states have allocated funding to address unmet housing needs by developing some type of State Funded Housing Assistance Program (SFHAP);
Most SFHAPs are designed to meet the needs of a specific target population;
SFHAPs are administered by various state agencies;
In general, there are two models of housing assistance that states fund: Subsidy and Homelessness Prevention/Rapid Re-housing;
Most Subsidy programs employ a tenant-based model for providing rental assistance;
In general, households are not required to participate in supportive services in order to receive housing assistance; and
Most Subsidy SFHAPs do not have a plan for transitioning to permanent housing assistance.
For the report, TAC worked with the National Low Income Housing Coalition(NLIHC), which will soon be publishing an interactive database of state and local funded housing assistance programs. The report was supported, in part, by the SAMHSA Olmstead Policy Academy.