Housing Improves Health of Chronically Homeless

Impact of Housing-Related Services on the Chronically Homeless

AcademyHealth has published a new Infographic that explores the impact of housing-related services and supports on the health of chronically homeless individuals.

The infographic synthesizes current evidence about the impact of housing-related services and supports on the health of chronically homeless Medicaid enrollees.

Infographic features findings from a rapid evidence review, which suggest that permanent supportive housing and case management can improve health outcomes.

A rapid evidence review conducted by AcademyHealth’s Translation and Dissemination Institute found that permanent supportive housing and case management can improve health outcomes.

This rapid evidence review was conducted over a two-week period using a process that emphasizes timeliness, efficiency, and responsiveness to policymakers’ needs.

This rapid evidence review conducted by AcademyHealth’s Translation and Dissemination Institute examined current evidence on the impact of housing-related services and supports on health outcomes among chronically homeless individuals enrolled in Medicaid.

Although federal Medicaid funding does not cover rent or mortgage payments for enrollees, states can choose to pay for case management or other services provided to Medicaid enrollees in permanent supportive housing.

For Medicaid policymakers, a key question is whether investments in these services improve health outcomes among chronically homeless individuals, who numbered more than 83,000 nationwide in 2015 according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

While most existing research is not specific to Medicaid populations, findings from the review suggest that permanent supportive housing and case management can improve self-reported health outcomes and reduce health care costs, length of stays in inpatient psychiatric units, and the number of emergency room visits for mental health concerns.

The review is one of several pilot reviews undertaken as part of the Translation and Dissemination Institute’s Rapid Evidence Review Project.

Supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, this work aims to pilot innovative approaches to quickly, but rigorously identifying and communicating evidence to inform public and private decision-making.

Together with its members, AcademyHealth works to improve health and the performance of the health system by supporting the production and use of evidence to inform policy and practice.

AcademyHealth defines health services research as the multidisciplinary field of scientific investigation that studies how social factors, financing systems, organizational structures and processes, health technologies, and personal behaviors affect access to health care, the quality and cost of health care, and ultimately our health and well-being. Its research domains are individuals, families, organizations, institutions, communities, and populations.

Academy Health

Translation and Dissemination Institute

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