HUD Releases 2015 Homeless Management Information System Data
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development has released the 2015 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (AHAR) Part 2, focusing on local Homeless Management Information Systems (HMIS) data.
The report paints a broad picture of homelessness and housing instability for all populations across the country during the 2015 calendar year.
Key findings in the report include one-night estimates:
- On a single night in January 2015, 564,708 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. This marks the continued decline of homelessness in the nation: a 2 percent decrease since January 2014 and a 13 percent decrease since January 2007. The long-term decline in homelessness has been driven entirely by reductions in the number of people living on the street or in other un-sheltered locations, a population that dropped 32 percent between 2007 and 2015.
- Of every ten-people experiencing homelessness on a single night in January 2015, seven were staying in sheltered rather than un-sheltered locations.
Key one-year estimates include:
- In 2015, an estimated 1.48 million people experienced sheltered homelessness at some point during the reporting year. Between 2007 and 2015, the number of sheltered people dropped 7 percent (104,019 fewer people).
- In 2015, African Americans comprised more than 41 percent of people experiencing sheltered homelessness but only 13 percent of all people in the U.S.
- Adults with disabilities are also at great risk of experiencing sheltered homelessness, more than three times more likely than adults without disabilities.
- Most people experience sheltered homelessness in principal cities (71 percent). The percentage in suburban and rural areas increased between 2007 and 2014 but not between 2014 and 2015.
- The number of adults who were experiencing homelessness in un-sheltered locations prior to their shelter entry increased 6 percent between 2014 and 2015 and 57 percent between 2007 and 2014.
The 2015 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR): Part 2 presents the most recent national estimates of homelessness, focusing on people who experience homelessness as individuals, as family members, and as members of specific sub-populations.
For each of these populations, the estimates describe how homelessness has changed over time and provide a demographic profile of homelessness in America.
The report documents how many people are experiencing sheltered homelessness, and how many people are in un-sheltered locations.
The AHAR is delivered each year to the U.S. Congress, and its contents are used to inform Federal, State, and local policies to prevent and end homelessness. Information pertaining to homeless veterans is incorporated into this report.
This report is the second part of a two-part series. The first part is called the 2015 AHAR: Part 1 – PIT Estimates of Homelessness in the U.S.